||Source of Contaminant
||Known Health Outcomes
||Asbestosis, lung abnormalities, reduced immune function, increased risk of lung cancer
(Volatile Organic Compound – VOC)
|Electronics, industrial manufacturing, insecticides, herbicides, furniture
||Children: increased cancer risks as adults, increased infant mortality, neurological impairment, reduced birth weight.
Adults: Impaired intellectual function, impaired motor function, neuropathy, coronary heart disease, hypertension, heart attack, kidney cancer, bladder cancer, skin lesions, skin cancer, diabetes, pulmonary tuberculosis, bronchiectasis, lung cancer, liver cancer Female impaired glucose tolerance during pregnancy
||Electronics, lasers, batteries, paint pigments, cosmetics, cigarette smoke, galvanized steel, building materials, fertilizers, automobiles
||Kidney damage, impaired Vitamin D metabolism in kidney, impaired gut absorption, osteomalacia with osteoporosis, renal dysfunction, central nervous system disturbances, learning disabilities, anemia, calcium malabsorption, metabolic syndrome, decreased bone health, cardiovascular hypertensions, diabetes and insulin resistance, sudden cardiac death, oxidative stress, immune system impairment, impaired fetal development, autoimmune disorders, endocrine disruptor, class B1 carcinogen with links to breast cancer, prostate cancer, lung cancer, pancreatic cancer, and non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma. Males: reduced sperm count and sub-fertility or infertility
||Burning of coal, oil, or cobalt alloys used in manufactured items such as magnets, grinding and cutting tools, colored glass, ceramics, paints, porcelain enamel
||Complex clinical syndrome, skin ulcerations and dermatitis, hearing and visual impairment, cardiovascular deficits, endocrine disruptor, hematological dysfunctions
||Combustion process, furniture, carpet, rugs, window dressings, permanent press fabrics, cigarettes, cosmetics, fertilizers, electrical insulation, manufactured wood products, paint and varnish, preserved food
||Eye, nose, and throat irritation, asthmatic symptoms, asthma, impaired learning, behavior changes, stomach damage, nose cancer, throat cancer.
||Electronics, old paint, building materials, automobiles
||Children: nervous system damage, behavior problems, lower IQ, hearing loss, learning disabilities, anemia, kidney damage, decreased bone and muscle growth.
Adults: memory loss, lack of concentration, headaches, irritability, depression, high blood pressure, kidney abnormalities and damage, constipation, nausea, poor appetite, fatigue, joint and muscle pain in extremities. Female spontaneous miscarriage. Male decreased sex drive and sperm count, sperm abnormalities
|Perfluorinated Compounds including perfluorooctanoic acid (PFOAs),
||Manufactured non-stick, non-staining products.
||Fetal development disruptions, including possible changes in growth, learning, behavior, decreased fertility, endocrine disruptor, increase cholesterol, compromised immune system, increase cancer risk.
||Manufactured plastic items, electronics, carpet backings, paint, glue, insect repellants, nail polish, hair spray, personal care products
||Children: known endocrine disruptor, low body weight, bone damage, cleft palate, testes damage, death, liver damage.
Adults: known endocrine disruptor, reduced fertility, decreased sperm count, topical skin irritation, liver damage.
|Polybrominated Diphenyl Ethers (PBDEs)
||Flame retardants found in most consumer goods, especially synthetic and foam products, furniture, carpet, rugs, clothing
||Flame retardants are persistent, bioaccumulative, toxic, carcinogens, mutagens, and reproductive toxicants. Decreased memory and learning, reduced IQ, hyperactivity, obesity, chemicals that mimic estrogen, alters thyroid hormone, decreased fertility, decreased birth weight, decreased sperm quality, diabetes, cancer.
|Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons (PAHs)
||Product of combustion, including wildfire smoke, cars, burning structures
||Birth defects, asthma, cataracts, kidney cancer, lung cancer, liver cancer, bladder cancer
|Short-Chain Chlorinated Paraffins (SCCPs)
||Manufactured products with plastics and pvc, plasticizers, flame retardants, lubricants, coolants
||Persistent, bioaccumulative, toxic to aquatic organisms at low concentrations, skin and eye irritation, liver damage, kidney damage, thyroid hormone perturbation, reduced fetal body weight
|Unknown Chemical Compounds
||Combustion of unknown chemicals and toxics
||There were multitudes of chemicals that possibly combined through the combustion process. We do not know what these are or their health impacts.
|Volatile Organic Compounds (VOCs)
||Manufactured items, solvents used as degreasing agents, acetone, automotive gasoline, furniture, caulks, carpet, vinyl flooring, foam, air fresheners, cleaning products, cosmetics, personal care products, photocopiers/printers, paint, varnish
||There are thousands of VOCs in the environment and the EPA only regulates 22. We do not fully know the effects of many VOCs. Many VOCs are known carcinogens and developmental and reproductive toxicants. Difficulty concentrating, confusion, dizziness, fatigue, irritability, lethargy, vomiting, headache, impaired speech, cardiovascular and blood toxicant, pulmonary edema, irregular heart rhythms, eye irritation, nose irritation, throat irritation, lung inflammation, asthmatic symptoms, bronchiolitis obliterans, liver damage, gastrointestinal damage, neurological damage